Bean Counting

  (268 pts)
       Coffee and Espresso

Worldwide Coffee Production

Coffee flowers are very fragrant and the coffee cherries ripen at different times so the ripe ones have to be hand-picked to not disturb the un-ripe ones.

Green coffee beans are usually shipped in 132lb bags, (60 Kilograms) and world-wide production statistics are compiled on the number of bags. 

World production for 2012 includes:

  • 88,818 bags of Arabica

  • 62,440 of Robusta.

To give you perspective on worldwide coffee production and the rarity of some highly prized regional coffees like Hawaiian Kona and Jamaican Blue Mountain that make up a tiny fraction of all coffees, here are statistics for 2012 compiled by the US Department of Agriculture.

The coffee harvest is raked and sun dried during the first stages of processing.


Leads the world in total production again in 2012  

  • 40,200 bags of Arabica and 15,700 of Robusta

  • Total of 55,900 bags or 7,378,800 lb.


The second leader for total production in 2012:

  • 850 bags of Arabica

  • 24,150 of Robusta

  • Total of 25,000 bags or 3,300,000 lb.

The United States

Production of 4,600 bags of Arabica and 200 bags of Robusta mainly from: 

  • Hawaii (100/0)

  • Mexico (4,500/200)

Central America

Produces 14,605 bags of Arabica and 10 bags of Robusta from:

  • Costa Rica (1,600/0)

  • El Salvador (1,475/0)

  • Guatemala (3,840/10)

  • Honduras (5,800/0)

  • Nicaragua (1,800/0)

  • Panama (90/0)

South American Countries

  • Bolivia (4/150),

  • Brazil (40,200/15,700)

  • Colombia (7,500/0)

  • Ecuador (415/190)

  • Paraguay (25/0)

  • Peru (4,800/0)

  • Venezuela (880/0)

Combined produce 53,970 bags of Arabica and 15,890 bags of Robusta. 

Colombian coffee is represented world-wide by the iconic Juan Valdez.

Caribbean countries

Produce 920 bags of Arabica from:

  • Cuba (125)

  • Dominican Republic (475)

  • Haiti (300)

  • Jamaica (20).

Middle East

There coffee comes from Yemen at 150 bags of Arabica. 

Papua New Guinea

1,100 bags of Arabica and 50 bags of Robusta, represents Oceania’s total production.

South Asia

Contributes 1,650 bags of Arabica and 3,685 bags of Robusta from:

  • India (1,640/3,660)

  • Sri Lanka (10/25)

Southeast Asia

Contributes with 2,580 bags of Arabica and 35,025 bags of Robusta broken down from:

  • Indonesia (1,700/8,000)

  • (0/575), Malaysia (0/1,000)

  • Philippines (30/400)

  • Thailand (0/900)

  • Vietnam (850/24,150)

Sub-Saharan Africa

Contributes with 9,243 bags of Arabica and 7,580 bags of Robusta from:

  • Vietnam leads the world in Robusta bean production.Angola (0/30)

  • Burundi (225/0)

  • Cameroon (100/700)

  • Central African Republic (0/15)

  • Kinshasa (200/165)

  • Cote d'Ivoire (0/1,800)

  • Ethiopia (6,500/0)

  • Ghana (0/90)

  • Guinea (0/425)

  • Kenya (850/0)

  • Liberia (0/5)

  • Madagascar (25/500)

  • Malawi (25/0)

  • Nigeria (0/30)

  • Rwanda (250/0)

  • Sierra Leone (0/70)

  • Tanzania (500/300)

  • Togo (0/650)

  • Uganda (650/2,800)

  • Zambia 10/0)

  • Zimbabwe (8/0)



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Very informative thank you!
Interesting to see that coffee comes from such a wide variety of places. Curious to know just how much the taste of each varies (with a similar roast temperature) due to soil composition and other localized variables.
Absolutely amazing that coffee is the 4th most popular drink in the world, yet it appears to be produced in such small quantities in many regions. This truly is a special drink. I now know why Hawaiian coffee so expensive. Only 100 bags a year! How many times have I roasted a Panama Esmeralda Gesha or a Kenya AA without realizing that those are the very best of only 90 and 850 bags per year respectively. These fact really make me realize how truly lucky we are to be able to enjoy the very best of this wonderful drink. Great article, thanks.
Great stuff, a lot of interesting information presented in a condensed but appealing format. As a big fan of both, it never occurred to me that Ethiopia produces 8 times as much as Kenya. Wondering if China is still growing- thought Yunnan was on course to rival Vietnam? Thanks!