Green coffee beans are usually shipped in 132lb bags, (60 Kilograms) and world-wide production statistics are compiled on the number of bags.

World production for 2012 includes 88,818 bags of Arabica and 62,440 of Robusta.

To give you perspective on worldwide coffee production and the rarity of some highly prized regional coffees like Hawaiian Kona and Jamaican Blue Mountain that make up a tiny fraction of all coffees, here are statistics for 2012 compiled by the US Department of Agriculture.

 
The coffee harvest is raked and sun dried during the first stages of processing.

Brazil leads the world in total production again in 2012 with 40,200 bags of Arabica and 15,700 of Robusta for a total of 55,900 bags or 7,378,800 lb.

Vietnam is second for total production with 850 bags of Arabica and 24,150 of Robusta for a total of 25,000 bags or 3,300,000 lb.

 
Coffee farmers from the Andes meet with coffee buyers known as Coyotes in remote areas to avoid long trips to organized coffee markets.

The United States, mostly Hawaii, (100/0) and Mexico (4,500/200) make up North American production of 4,600 bags of Arabica and 200 bags of Robusta.

Central America produces 14,605 bags of Arabica and 10 bags of Robusta from: Costa Rica (1,600/0), El Salvador (1,475/0), Guatemala (3,840/10), Honduras (5,800/0), Nicaragua (1,800/0) and Panama (90/0).

 
Colombian coffee is represented world-wide by the iconic Juan Valdez.

South American countries including Bolivia (4/150), Brazil (40,200/15,700), Colombia (7,500/0), Ecuador (415/190), Paraguay (25/0), Peru (4,800/0) and Venezuela (880/0) combined to produce 53,970 bags of Arabica and 15,890 bags of Robusta.

Caribbean countries produce 920 bags of Arabica from: Cuba (125), Dominican Republic (475), Haiti (300) and Jamaica (20).

 
Peruvian farmers haul bags of coffee from small farms on mountaain slopes to gathering points for sale to Coyotes.

Middle East coffee comes from Yemen at 150 bags of Arabica.

Papua New Guinea, 1,100 bags of Arabica and 50 bags of Robusta, represents Oceania’s total production.

South Asia contributes 1,650 bags of Arabica and 3,685 bags of Robusta from: India (1,640/3,660) and Sri Lanka (10/25).

 
Vietnam leads the world in Robusta bean production.
Southeast Asia contributes 2,580 bags of Arabica and 35,025 bags of Robusta from: Indonesia (1,700/8,000), Laos (0/575), Malaysia (0/1,000), Philippines (30/400), Thailand (0/900) and Vietnam (850/24,150).
 
Coffee trees are beautiful in flower and create habitat for many birds.

Sub-Saharan Africa contributes 9,243 bags of Arabica and 7,580 bags of Robusta from: Angola (0/30), Burundi (225/0), Cameroon (100/700), Central African Republic (0/15), Kinshasa (200/165), Cote d'Ivoire (0/1,800), Ethiopia (6,500/0), Ghana (0/90), Guinea (0/425), Kenya (850/0), Liberia (0/5), Madagascar (25/500), Malawi (25/0), Nigeria (0/30), Rwanda (250/0), Sierra Leone (0/70), Tanzania (500/300), Togo (0/650), Uganda (650/2,800), Zambia 10/0) and Zimbabwe (8/0).

 
Coffee flowers are very fragrant and the coffee cherries ripen at different times so the ripe ones have to be hand-picked to not disturb the un-ripe ones.
Categories Coffee and Espresso

Comments (5)

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Mike 12 months ago

Lets all do our part and start brewing more coffee
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MannyGate7 12 months ago

Very informative thank you!
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Philip 12 months ago

Interesting to see that coffee comes from such a wide variety of places. Curious to know just how much the taste of each varies (with a similar roast temperature) due to soil composition and other localized variables.
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Dean 12 months ago

Absolutely amazing that coffee is the 4th most popular drink in the world, yet it appears to be produced in such small quantities in many regions. This truly is a special drink. I now know why Hawaiian coffee so expensive. Only 100 bags a year! How many times have I roasted a Panama Esmeralda Gesha or a Kenya AA without realizing that those are the very best of only 90 and 850 bags per year respectively. These fact really make me realize how truly lucky we are to be able to enjoy the very best of this wonderful drink. Great article, thanks.
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paul 12 months ago

Great stuff, a lot of interesting information presented in a condensed but appealing format. As a big fan of both, it never occurred to me that Ethiopia produces 8 times as much as Kenya. Wondering if China is still growing- thought Yunnan was on course to rival Vietnam? Thanks!